Module summary This module explores theories and conceptions of racism and ethnicity, and the practices of racism in contemporary societies. The historical roots of racism will be examined and its contemporary forms studied comparatively.

Racism is specifically explored within the context of social and political conflicts. Module aims • To analyse critically key concepts including racism and ethnicity themselves in order to develop an awareness of their contested nature.

• To look at these issues as worldwide problems and in a sociological context that explores the meanings ascribed to these terms, their historical origins and key examples of societies where these issues have been or still are important in shaping the social orders in which people live. • To consider the impact of racism on specific communities and groups, including national, religious and ethnic groups.

• To examine the links between class, gender and ethnic differences. Racialisation, Ethnic Classification, National Identity 3.